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Charaka Indriya Sthana eighth Chapter Avaakshirasiya Indriyam

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eighth chapter of Charaka Indriya sthana offers in regards to the indicators of imminent demise as indicated by the distortion of the shadow of the person. The chapter title is Avaakshirasiya Indriyam.

We will now expound the chapter on imminent demise as indicated by indicators like distortion of the shadow of the person viz. the inversion of the shadow of the top. Thus stated Lord Atreya[1-2]
Learn – Arishta Lakshanas – Ominous Indicators And Signs Indicating Unhealthy Prognosis

Indicators of Imminent demise

Learn – Unhealthy Prognosis Of Ailments Primarily based On Goals and Shadows

  • Within the shadow of a person if the top is discovered to be inverted (head pointing downwards and legs pointing upwards), is irregular or with out the top, that particular person shouldn’t be handled.
  • An individual also needs to not be handled if in an individual there may be matting of eyelashes or absence of imaginative and prescient (due to the matting of eye-lashes of each lids collectively).
  • If in an emaciated particular person, there may be swelling of the eyelids, if each the eyelids don’t meet one another (resulting from swelling), if there may be accumulation of dust within the eyes and likewise if there may be burning sensation within the eyes he’s thought-about as equal to being lifeless. 
  • If in an individual, there are a lot of properly manifested simantas ( strains fashioned by the parting of hair to every facet) with out them being made and Avartakas ( whirls of hairs) within the eyebrows or within the hairs of the top which had been neither discovered earlier nor made artificially, he’s positive to die quickly.
  • If the above talked about indicators seem in people affected by illnesses, they survive for 3 days solely. If they seem in individuals who will not be affected by any illnesses, such people could stay for a most period of six days. [3-7]
    Learn – Unhealthy Prognosis Primarily based On Scent, Contact, Style, Color And Voice
  • If an individual with or and not using a illness doesn’t survive for greater than six nights if he doesn’t have any sensation when his hairs are pulled out and uprooted.
  • If the hairs of the person seems to be greasy even when no unctuous substances (like oil) has been utilized, he’s thought-about to be on the finish level of his life and therefore shouldn’t be handled. [8-9]
  • If there may be despair and thickening / separation of the ridge of the nostril, if the nostril seems swollen regardless of it not being swollen up, the affected person having these indicators shouldn’t be handled by the clever doctor.
  • Extreme enlargement or constriction of the nasal orifices, distortion in form and excessive dryness of the nostril point out that the person won’t survive.
  • If the face, ears and lips grow to be abnormally white, brown, excessively purple or blue with none apparent trigger, then such a affected person seldom recovers from the illness. [10-12]
    Learn – Prognosis Indicators Primarily based On The Messenger – Doota Adhishtita Arishta

A affected person having morbid circumstances like

  • Enamel getting white like the color of the bone, look of white spots (Puspa-lit, which means flower) over tooth and adhesion of slush / dust / muddy substance (materials) over them can not get better from the illness.
  • If the tongue turns into inflexible, mindless, heavy, excessively coated with a thorn like fur, brown in color, dry or swollen and continually cell, then the affected person having such indicators is taken into account nearly as good as lifeless.
  • If an individual faints after a brief expiration adopted by an extended inspiration, then contemplating that his finish is close to he shouldn’t be handled.
  • Extreme coldness, roughness and softness in arms, legs and nape of the neck point out the top of life span of that particular person.
  • An individual, who strikes one knee with the opposite, throws down legs after lifting them up and incessantly turns the face to at least one or the opposite facet, doesn’t survive.
  • The affected person who gnashes tooth whereas awake, cries and laughs loudly and doesn’t have ache sensation, doesn’t get better from the illness.
  • The affected person, who incessantly laughs, cries and shouts, retains hitting the mattress along with his ft and places finger into the nostrils, ears and eyes doesn’t survive for lengthy. [13-20]
    Learn – Charaka Grahani Dosha Chikitsa fifteenth Chapter

Want for rapid commentary

  • If a debilitated affected person develops disliking for a similar elements (and issues) by getting which he used to get extraordinarily comfortable prior to now, his demise needs to be thought-about imminent.
  • If the neck of the affected person is unable to assist the burden of his head, the top will get tilted to at least one facet, the again doesn’t tolerate the burden of the physique and the affected person feels tough / inconceivable to sit down, and when his jaws can not maintain / assist the morsel of meals within the mouth – this means his imminent demise.
  • If in a affected person indicators like fever, thirst, fainting, diminution of energy perspiration happen within the face, there may be little likelihood of his survival.
  • If the ingested meals doesn’t attain the throat, or the tongue falls again over the throat (thereby inflicting obstruction) and there may be diminution of energy, then the demise of the particular person is imminent.
  • If the particular person strikes his head with issue by the assistance of the fore-arms and if there may be sweating within the brow and looseness of joints, he’s moribund. [21-26]
    Learn – How To Make Prognosis Of Illness In accordance To Ayurveda?

To sum up:
The clever doctor ought to carefully seek for these indicators repeatedly as a result of a few of them disappear in a brief second after their manifestation.
None of those indicators stay with out resulting in the results already described i.e. all of them point out imminent demise. [27]
Thus ends the ‘eight chapter’ on imminent demise as indicated by indicators just like the distortion of shadow of the person, viz, the inversion of the shadow of the top, of the Indriya part of Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka.

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