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HomeHealthy LifestyleKusha (Desmostachya bipinnata) Makes use of, Analysis, Medicines, Facet Results

Kusha (Desmostachya bipinnata) Makes use of, Analysis, Medicines, Facet Results

Kusha – Desmostachya bipinnata is an Ayurvedic herb used for the therapy of diarrhea, pores and skin ailments, renal calculi, dysmenorrhea and enhancing breast milk throughout lactation. 

Latin title – Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf.
Household – Gramineae

Vernacular names

Kusa – Names in numerous languages:
Hindi title – Kushta, Kusa, Dab, Davoli, Durva
English title – Tadch grass, Sacrificial grass, Sacred Kusha grass
Bengali title – Derbha
Gujarati title – Darbha, Darabha
Kannada title – Kusha, Darbhe
Malayalam title – Kusha veru, Darbha
Marathi title – Darbha
Punjabi title – Dhab, Dih, Kusa
Tamil title – Teruppai
Telugu title – Darbha, Darbhagaddi
Afghanistani title – Drab, Kuthag
Bolan – Drab
Bombay – Drabh
Budelkhand – Dabvi
Central provinces – Chir, Dabhat, Kusha

Kusha grass mat –
A mat is ready with this grass and used for sitting and sleeping on it. It acts as a pure coolant. It retains the physique cool and has some protecting motion in opposition to radiations.

Properties, half used, dosage

Medicinal properties of Desmostachya bipinnata:
Rasa (Style) – Madhura (Candy), Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Gentle), Snigdha (Slimy)
Vipaka – Madhura (Undergoes candy style after digestion)
Veerya (Efficiency) – Sheeta (Chilly)
Karma (Actions) – Tridoshagna (Pacifies all of the three vitiated doshas)

Half used – Root
Dosage –
Decoction – 50 to 70 ml

Chemical composition

 The basis of the plant comprises Cylindrin, Arundroine and Feninole isoarborinole.

  • Decoction ready from the basis of Kusha is given in a dose of 40 – 50 ml to deal with circumstances of diarrhea and extreme burning sensation of the physique.
  • In situation of dysmenorrhea and leucorrhea, the chilly infusion ready from the basis of Desmostachya bipinnata is given in a dose of 40 – 50 ml.
  • In situation of eczema, the paste of the basis of kusha is utilized over the affected space.
  • To enhance the amount of breast milk in lactating girls, the basis of kusha is boiled in milk and is given in a dose of 30 – 40 ml often.
  • The decoction of the basis of Desmostachya bipinnata is given in a dose of 40 – 50 ml to deal with burning micturition, retention of urine in renal calculi and to cleanse the urinary bladder.
  • In situation of recent wound, the decoction ready utilizing kusha together with neem, turmeric and triphala is used for laundry the wound.
  • Kusha, Kasha, Nala, Darbha and Ikshu represent ‘Trinapanchamoola’ in Ayurveda, which is used for treating thirst, scanty micturition, thirst and different problems brought on by vitiation of pitta dosha.
  • Piles-kusa root combined with bala root is taken with rice water. It checks bleeding from piles, menometrorrhagia and so on.
    Pradara-kusa root is pounded with rice water and brought with the identical for 3 days. By  this the bleeding is checked.
  • Wounds-atriphala, khadira, daruharidra, nyagrodhadi(pancavalkala medication),bala, kusa and tender leaves of nimba-decoction of those cleans wounds.
    one affected by paithika dysuria ought to take decoction of satavari, kusa, kasa, gokshura, vidari, Sali, ikshu and kaseruka added with honey and sugar.
    kusa, kasa, sara, darbha and ikshu –these 5 represent the group trinapanchamula whichis diuretic and helpful in dysuria brought on by pitta.

Sanskrit verse

Conventional description, Indications

Conventional description:
Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Hima – coolant
Svadu – candy
Kashaya – astringent
Balances all three Doshas particularly Kapha and Pitta Dosha

Indicated in –
Visarpa – herpes
Daha –  burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes and so on
Mutrakrichra –Dysuria, urinary retention
Ashmari – Kidney and bladder stones
Trushna – extreme thirst
Vasti Vikara – bladder associated problems

Asra – blood problems comparable to abscess, pores and skin problems, bleeding problems comparable to menorrhagia, nasal bleeding and so on.
Pradara – leucorrhea and heavy durations
Visha – Poisonous circumstances, poisoning
Adversarial impact:
No hostile impact is understood or reported after the conventional use of Kusha.

As purification agent

Darbha As a purification agent –
Throughout Hindu rituals, dry Darbha grass is dipped into the water. This purifies the water and makes it match for the non secular customs.
Throughout eclipse, the grass is positioned within the meals objects. They’re eliminated after the eclipse.
A scientific analysis was carried out by the SASTRA College researchers.

cow’s curd was chosen as a meals merchandise that would ferment simply.

5 different tropical grass species, together with lemon grass, Bermuda grass, and bamboo have been chosen for comparability primarily based on totally different ranges of antibiotic properties and hydro phobicity.

Electron microscopy of various grasses revealed beautiful nano-patterns and hierarchical nano or micro constructions in darbha grass whereas they have been absent in different grasses.

Microbial research of the curd revealed that darbha grass alone was discovered to draw huge variety of micro organism into the hierarchical floor options.

Throughout eclipse, the wavelength and depth of sunshine radiations out there on the earth’s floor is altered. Particularly, the blue and ultraviolet radiations, that are identified for his or her pure disinfecting property, usually are not out there in adequate portions throughout eclipse.

This results in uncontrolled development of micro-organisms in meals merchandise throughout eclipse and the meals merchandise usually are not appropriate for consumption. Darbha was thus used as a pure disinfectant on particular events, say researchers at SASTRA College.
Additional, the scientists declared that Darbha has a pure meals preservative potential. (analysis)

Interplay with medicines, dietary supplements

Can this be used whereas taking Homeopathic medication?
Sure. This product doesn’t react with homeopathic medication.

this medication be continued whereas taking dietary supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids and so on?

Sure. Typically, this product goes effectively with most
of the dietary dietary supplements. Nevertheless, in case you are taking multiple product
per day, please seek the advice of your physician for an opinion.

With western
Search your
physician’s recommendation in case you are taking this product together with different western
(allopathic / trendy) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can work together with trendy
If each Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are suggested collectively, then it’s
greatest to take Allopathic medication first, await half-hour after which take the
Ayurvedic medication.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines associated to Kusha:
Ashmarihara kashaya: It’s a medication in decoction type, used within the therapy of urinary calculi and retention of urine.
Stanyajanana kashaya: It’s a medication in decoction type, used induce breast milk in lactating mom.

Mutra virechaniya kashaya: This decoction is given to deal with retention of urine and burning micturition.
Chandanadi Taila: It’s a medicated oil helpful within the administration of burning sensation, dizziness, lack of sleep. The oil is used externally and as nasal drops.

Karpooradi arka: This medication is in distillate type used for the therapy of digestive complaints, anorexia, unhealthy breath, weight problems, excessive levels of cholesterol and coronary heart ailments.
Vata gajankusha rasa: It’s a pill used within the therapy of sciatica, paralysis, brachialgia, spondylosis, arthritis, torticollis, thigh muscle stiffness and cramps.

P – Lact granule: It’s a proprietary medication utilized in enhancing the amount of breast milk in lactating girls.
Virataradi kashaya: It’s a decoction used within the therapy of renal calculi, retention of urine and vataja problems.


Analysis articles associated to Desmostachya bipinnata:
Anti – weight problems exercise: Methanolic extract of aerial elements of Desmostachya bipinnata plant was studied for its Anti – weight problems exercise in animal experimental fashions. Wistar albino rats, albino mice have been used to check anti – weight problems exercise of methanolic extract of D.bipinnata plant aerial elements at doses 200 mg/kg p.o. and 400 mg/kg p.o. in opposition to the usual orlistat 50 mg/kg p.o. in fashions of anti – weight problems exercise viz. Excessive fats induced weight problems, Progesterone induced weight problems mannequin. In each fashions, the plant confirmed anti – weight problems exercise considerably via the biochemical and behavioral parameters.

Keep the blood sugar degree: The current research was carried out to evaluate the impact of its hydro – alcoholic extract on glycemic standing in non – diabetic rats. The outcomes confirmed that the hydro – alcoholic extract has no impact on euglycemic ranges with minimal insignificant alterations. However, the supplementation of this extract in hypoglycemic (meals deprivation or swim train induced) rats lowered the extent of hypoglycemia considerably. As well as, this extract lowered the diploma of hyperglycemia induced by exogenous administration of dextrose considerably. Altogether, the outcomes of present research recommend that the constituents current in Desmostachya bipinnata hydro – alcoholic extract have distinctive property of retaining euglycemic standing regardless of induced glycemic alterations.

Anti oxidant exercise: The current research was aimed to guage the antioxidant and DNA injury safety exercise of hydroalcoholic extract of Desmostachya bipinnata each in vitro and in vivo, to offer scientific foundation for conventional utilization of this plant. The extract confirmed vital antioxidant exercise in a dose – dependent method in H2O2 scavenging assay and prevented the oxidative injury to DNA in presence of DNA damaging agent (Fenton’s reagent) at a focus of fifty??g/mL.

Analgesic and anti – pyretic exercise: Analgesic, Antipyretic and anti – inflammatory impact of petroleum ether, benzene chloroform, ethanol and aqueous extract of the entire elements of Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf (Poaceae) was investigated in albino rats. Animals got a subcutaneous injection of 12% w/v suspension of yeast (1ml /100gm Physique weight) suspended in 0.5% w/v methylcellulose resolution which ends up in pyrexia. All of the extracts produced statistically vital and dose dependent inhibition of edema induced by carrageenan in any respect doses when in comparison with the management teams.

Diuretic and laxative motion: The hydro – alcoholic extract of D. bipinnata complete plant was ready through the use of Sox – hlet extractor and subjected to evaluation by commonplace preliminary phytochemical checks. Analysis of each diuretic and laxative exercise was carried out utilizing commonplace strategies as reported earlier. Frusemide (20 mg/kg) was served as constructive management for diuretic exercise and sennosides (10 mg/kg) served as adverse management for laxative exercise. The hydro – alcoholic extract confirmed vital diuretic exercise and was discovered to be probably the most potent in growing the urinary output at 500 mg/kg when the impact was in contrast with that of the usual frusemide (P<0.01). Furthermore, this extract was discovered to be only in growing urinary electrolyte focus (Na+, Ok+, and Cl – ) at each doses examined. Whereas the outcomes for laxative exercise confirmed minimal enhance of feces output on the dose of 500 mg/kg and the rise was negligible in comparison with that of the usual drug sennosides.

Classical categorization

Charaka samhita –
Mutravirechaniya – group of herbs that assist in correct formation of urine, with correct color
Stanyajanana – lactation inducing group of herbs
Madhura Skandha – candy tasting group of herbs
Sushruta samhita – Truna Panchamoola
Bhavaprakasha – Guduchyadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu – Oushadhi varga
Shodala Nighantu – Karaveeradi varga 

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Poales
Household: Poaceae
Genus:  Desmostachya
Species: D. bipinnata


Kusa and Darbha are literally two distinct crops. In classical texts, nevertheless they’re typically synonymous in sure contexts. Sitadarbha and Haridarbha are additionally talked about in texts as particular types of kusa. Presently, the supply crops of kusa and darbha are botanically indentified as ‘desmostachya Bipinnata Stapf’,and ‘Imperata Cylindrica Beaur’. (Each belong to household Poaceae or Germinae respectively). The kusa has non secular significance with socio-cultural background and ceremonial utility in Indian traditions as a sacred plant.

Sanskrit synonyms

Sanskrit Synonyms of Kusha:
Soochyagra, Soochimukha – The tip of the leaf is sharp much like needle
Pavithra, Pavitraka, Yajna Samstara, Yajyanga, Yajna Bhushana, Yajnadarbha – It’s auspicious as it’s utilized in rituals, Homa
Deerghapathra – The leaf is lengthy
Soochyagra – pin tapering finish of leaves

Khoorachjatha, Brahmapavithr, Kudtha, Varhi, Mahadarbha, Mahamoola, Mahapathri, Yajnabhooshana, Mahakusa, Kusha, Darbha, HrasvaDarbha,
Shveta Darbha, Pooti Darbha, Mrudu Darbha, Lava Kusha, Barhi, Krutapa, Kshudra Darbha, Kshuracchada


Morphology of Desmostachya bipinnata:
It’s a shrub which grows to a top of 1 – 3 toes. The roots are robust. The leaves emerge from the bottom of the plant. They’re slender with 2 inch vast, develop to a top of 1 foot and are pointed on the tip. The leaves have small hair like constructions. The seeds are 1cm lengthy, flat in nature. This plant is discovered everywhere in the plains of India.

Writer:  Dr.B.Ok.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: [email protected]
Click on to seek the advice of Dr Prashanth BK



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