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UN Normal Meeting: Who’s attending, and what’s on the agenda? | United Nations Information

World leaders will collect this week in New York to deal with the 77th session of the United Nations Normal Meeting (UNGA).

The warfare in Ukraine, local weather change and nuclear disarmament are more likely to dominate speeches and discussions through the annual gathering that begins on Tuesday on the UN headquarters.

The theme for this yr’s UNGA is, “A watershed second: transformative options to interlocking challenges”.

In accordance with the UN, it “stems from the popularity that the world is at a vital second … on account of advanced and interconnected crises”.

UN Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres mentioned the gathering was taking place “at a time of nice peril”, with the world “blighted by warfare, battered by local weather chaos, scarred by hate, and shamed by poverty, starvation, and inequality”.

Audio system on Tuesday will embrace Brazilian President Jair Bolsanaro, United States President Joe Biden and Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.

Here’s what you might want to know:

Who will likely be attending?

Each UN member is invited to ship a delegation to the UNGA – probably the most consultant physique of the UN system. Every member state is allowed an equal vote when deciding on resolutions.

This yr’s session will happen in particular person for the primary time since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic in March 2020. For the previous two years, heads of state have been allowed to submit video statements on account of pandemic restrictions.

The record of audio system contains some notable absentees, with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese language President Xi Jinping amongst those that will ship their international ministers to the UNGA.

President of the Lebanon Michel Aoun delivers a pre-recorded speech at the 76th Session of the U.N. General Assembly at United Nations headquarters in New York, on Friday, Sept. 24, 2021.
A pre-recorded speech by President of Lebanon Michel Aoun on the 76th Session of the UN Normal Meeting at UN headquarters in New York, September 24, 2021 [John Angelillo /Pool Photo via AP Photo]

The place is it held?

The primary six periods of the UNGA have been held in numerous cities, beginning with London, New York, after which Paris.

Since 1952, almost all periods have taken place on the UN headquarters within the US metropolis of New York.

How do subjects make it on the agenda?

Every UNGA session has a set agenda of subjects that will likely be mentioned, voted on or referred to varied sub-committees.

The subjects embrace issues urged by member states or by different UN organs, issues put ahead by the secretary-general, and procedural issues pertaining to the meeting’s operation.

The UNGA’s Normal Committee units the agenda and the meeting in the end decides how every agenda merchandise will likely be addressed.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres
UN Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres speaks through the Reworking Training Summit on the sidelines of the UNGA at UN headquarters in New York Metropolis, US, September 19, 2022 [Brendan McDermid/Reuters]

What is going to UNGA deal with this yr?

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is anticipated to be a significant focus on the annual gathering, together with the worldwide meals disaster that has been aggravated because of this.

Like earlier years, local weather change will even be a significant subject of dialogue – particularly the current floods in Pakistan, which have ravaged the nation and affected greater than 30 million individuals.

Whereas member states have lifted most or all coronavirus restrictions of their nations in an try and return to pre-pandemic situations, points reminiscent of entry to vaccines, monetary restoration and different associated considerations will likely be an important speaking level.

What are UNGA resolutions?

Resolutions are handed in all UN councils, such because the Human Rights Council, the Financial and Social Council and the Safety Council, all year long. Membership of the person councils modifications cyclically.

UNGA resolutions are seen as an expression of the need of the worldwide group on a given subject, though they’re non-binding, which implies they haven’t any authorized energy however carry symbolic significance in world affairs.

In distinction, resolutions handed by the 15-member UN Safety Council are usually thought of binding underneath worldwide legislation and member states are obliged to behave on them.



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